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The Origin of Spring Festival 春节的由来

作者:经典美文 来源:英语文章 时间:2016/1/29 18:32:05 阅读:3353
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As the new year begins, let us also start anew.

-chinese proverb

一元复始,万象更新

 -- 中国谚语

       张宪宝编译    转载请注明

Of all the traditional Chinese festivals, the new Year was perhaps the most elaborate, colorful, and important. This was a time for the Chinese to congratulate each other and themselves on having passed through another year, a time to finish out the old, and to welcome in the new year. Common expressions heard at this time are: GUONIAN to have made it through the old year, and BAINIAN to congratulate the new year.

      众多中国传统节日中,春节或许是最隆重盛大,富有色彩,最重要的节日了。这是一个中国人共同欢度,庆祝过去的一年,辞旧迎新的节日。春节里常听到的话是:过年,意思是辞去过去的一年;拜年,意思是庆祝新的一年。

 

Like all Chinese festivals, the date of the New Year is determined by the lunar calendar rather than the Western calendar. Its origin is too old to be traced, but many believe the word Nian, which means "year", was the name of a beast that preyed on people on the eve of a new year.

    像中国其他节日一样,新年的日期是是由农历而不是公历决定的。它历史久远,已经无法追溯。然而大家大都相信“年”这个词,是一种怪兽的名字,它在每年的除夕夜里出来捕食人。

In one legend, the beast, Nian, had the power to swallow up all the people in a village in one big bite. Village people were very scared of Nian. One day, an old man came to the villagers' rescue, offering to subdue Nian. The old man asked Nian, "I know you can swallow people, but can you swallow other beasts of prey instead of people who are by no means your worthy opponents?"Nian accepted the old man's challenge and swallowed the beasts that had harassed the villagers and their farm animals for years. At the end of the legend, the old man disappeared riding off on Nian. In this legend, the old man turned out to be an immortal god. In the end, Nian is gone and the other beasts of prey are scared into hiding in the forests. The villagers can once again enjoy their peaceful life.

传说中,“年”这个怪兽,有能力一口吞掉一个村

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